Sensing the Physical World using Pervasive Wireless Infrastructures
Carnegie Mellon University
1:00-2:00 pm ET Thursday, 25 March 2021
online via WebEx
Emerging applications such as smart cities, autonomous vehicles, and mixed reality rely on embedded systems that are engaging with the physical environment through sensors. Building upon this connection, my vision is to advance Omnipresent Sensing by harnessing the wireless infrastructure in and around buildings and cities to act as a non-intrusive sensing platform. This is possible by innovating at the crossroads of two recent trends in mobile computing: (1) Wireless technologies such as Millimeter-wave (mmWave) and Massive MIMO systems can now support higher bandwidth for communication and improved resolution for RF sensing applications. (2) Advancements in CPUs and RF front-ends are making it easier to develop software-defined sensing and communication systems. This is affording edge devices the ability to do more advanced signal processing and machine learning.
In this talk, I will focus on how to design an RF-equivalent of optical retro-reflectors and use them as fiducial markers in autonomous vehicles, robotics, and mixed reality applications. I will then discuss how nuances from the environment itself can be leveraged to improve sensing quality in the context of human sensing, object tracking, and indoor localization. I will conclude this talk with a roadmap of combining radar-style RF sensors and wireless communication links for the wireless embedded systems of the future.
Elahe Soltanaghaei is a postdoctoral researcher at Carnegie Mellon University in the Wireless, Sensing, and Embedded Systems (WiSE) lab. She received her Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Virginia. Her research spans the areas of wireless sensing and networking with applications in IoT and Cyber-Physical Systems. Reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of her research, her work has been published in premier conferences and journals in the areas of mobile computing, wireless networks, and energy and infrastructure. She is the recipient of the 2020 ACM SIGMOBILE Dissertation Award, 2019 EECS Rising Stars, and the 2019 N2-Women Young Researcher Fellowship (more at https://www.andrew.cmu.edu/~esoltana/)