INCS-CoE Expert Community Seminar on Cybersecurity Issues in Transportation
8-9:00 am ET Tuesday, 28 November 2023 via Zoom
Host: Dr. Karl V. Steiner, UMBC VP for Research & Creative Achievement
GraphCAN: Graph-Based Controller Area Network Security
Dr. Riadul Islam, UMBC, Baltimore, MD, USA
Vulnerabilities and security threats associated with the widely adopted vehicular Controller Area Network (CAN) will be examined. Novel techniques for the creation of graphs from CAN data will be introduced. Subsequently, various methods, encompassing statistical analyses, machine learning algorithms, and graph neural network approaches, will be presented as potential means to enhance the security of CAN networks. Furthermore, the challenges related to processing extensive sensor data within a stringent timing budget will be addressed, emphasizing the significance of implementing intrusion detection algorithms on edge devices with a focus on cost-effectiveness.
Advancing Cyber-Resilience in the Age of Autonomous Vehicles
Dr. Rolando Martins, University of Porto, Portugal
The adoption of autonomous vehicles requires shifting cyber-physical infrastructures. They are high-value targets, and while Zero Trust is vital, it is insufficient against modern cyber threats. The traditional firewall-based "fortress" approach falls short against advanced adversaries. This situation has reignited interest in Intrusion Tolerance, underutilized since the '90s due to its complexity. We will showcase work at the UP Cybersecurity and Privacy Centre (C3P)'s on cybersecurity, focusing on autonomous vehicles.
From Skyjacking to Carjacking: Challenges and Opportunities in Securing Modern Navigation Technologies
Dr. Aanjhan Ranganathan, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
Modern transportation systems rely heavily on accurate positioning and navigation technologies, which have become increasingly vulnerable to security threats. In this talk, we will explore the security challenges associated with secure positioning and navigation in modern vehicles, including the impact of GPS spoofing on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and the security problems of instrument landing systems used in aviation as one of the primary means of navigation aid for landing. We will also discuss the security problems of automotive radar, where we will show how easily radio frequency radar signals can be manipulated to fake distances and velocities, compromising the safety of the vehicle and passengers. We will see how even with cryptographic primitives, the challenges to securing positioning, navigation, and timing technologies is no trivial task. The talk will aim to highlight the fundamental limits that exist in securing current technologies and a call for designing secure alternatives.